Step by step: grow salad

Step by step: grow salad


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Salad is a vegetable so common on our tables that we come to pay no more attention to it. Depending on everyone's habits, it sometimes has a decorative role - a few leaves placed on the plate to give it a touch of freshness - sometimes an essential place in the meal. In the latter case, it is the inseparable accompaniment of the cheese which it highlights with its crunchiness and seasoning. Everyone will understand that salad is an essential vegetable. This is good, as the salad is grown almost throughout the year, while offering a wide choice of varieties. Impossible to get tired! There is indeed a whole world - of flavors -, between the delicacy of the lettuce and the robustness tinged with bitterness of the curly or, looking at the side of even more typical salads, between the tenderness of the mash rosettes and the firmness of endive leaves. To cultivate this emblematic leafy vegetable, two techniques, which are complementary, are available to us: sowing and transplanting young commercial plants. In other words: it is possible to grow salads from seed to plant, or to buy young plants to grow. The advantages of sowing are: lower cost, the possibility of staggering sowing over time, the emergence of a large number of plants and the possibility of taking young salads during growth while helping to aerate the crops. The inconvenients ? The risk of having a heavy hand and sowing too thickly, the need to transplant if you want to see a few feet gain in weight and increased surveillance during emergence. As for transplanting young commercial plants, it has the advantage of allowing planting directly in place, having better control of the harvest date and eliminating the chance of emergence. The inconvenients ? The main one is a higher cost, which remains reasonable.
In both cases, no one can claim to be safe from seeing their salads go up in stems instead of filling up, which produces very bitter leaves. In both cases, finally, the cultivated varieties will have to be chosen according to the climate and the time of the year. For the winter varieties, lettuces (batavias, apples, etc.), lamb's lettuce and chicory (curly and escarole) will be more rustic. Difficulty : Easy Cost : A few euros Tools required : - A rake - A planter - A watering can - A line (optional) - Seeds or seedlings to transplant

Step 1: Prepare the ground


In a soil enriched in the fall and previously worked, draw a few shallow furrows using a rake.

Step 2: Sow


Sowing can be done in place or under a frame, the latter technique offering better control of emergence (early harvest, ease of monitoring). In both cases, be sure to sow "light". Cover with a few millimeters of soil then tamp with the back of the rake. This operation can be repeated every 15 days, so as to stagger the harvests.

Step 3: Transplant the young plants


The seedlings to be transplanted can come either from the trade or from previous sowing. When sowing, take your plants carefully, taking care not to damage the roots and leaves. In the case of commercial plants, sprinkle the clods then gently undo them. Watering allows the roots to quickly recolonize the soil.
Do not try to remove the earth around them! Make a small hole with the dibber and close around the root ball while being careful not to bury the collar (the base of the leaves): it is the heart of the future plant.
Tamp around the foot. The recommended spacing between two plants depends on the variety and its development (on average, between 20 and 30 cm).

Step 4: Water


In both cases - sowing or transplanting - the operation must be followed by delicate watering - in fine rain or very locally at the base of the plant - watering essential for emergence and / or recovery. The following will depend on the weather and the robustness of the plant. Once the roots have successfully colonized the soil, watering may be less frequent.

Step 5: Protect (optional)

Salads are sensitive to climatic conditions (drought, frost, etc.) and vulnerable to attack by certain insects (slugs, snails).
In the first case, protection can be provided by means of bells, pots or crates turned over the plant. In terms of attacks, it is possible to use mulch (flax, hemp, straw ...) around the plants. Wood ash and coffee grounds are also recommended.
Remember that, in any case, you can only limit the damage as the appetite of predators is strong!


Comments:

  1. Neka

    Yes, the news went online and spreads with senior force.

  2. Brandelis

    I agree, useful information

  3. Maynard

    The same has been discussed recently



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